Abusing prescription drugs can lead to severe addiction.
The Most Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs
Commonly abused prescription drugs fall into four categories: opioids, anti-anxiety medications and sedatives, antidepressants, and stimulants.
Opioids are strong pain relieving drugs derived from the opium poppy plant. They work in the brain to produce a variety of effects but are most commonly used for pain relief. Other positive effects include relaxation and increased happiness. When opioids are abused they can cause drowsiness, confusion, nausea, slowed breathing, and can be fatal.
Antidepressants are used to treat clinical depression. They can also help to treat social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and seasonal affective disorder. A individual should speak with their doctor about their specific needs to find the best treatment option. Some individuals attempt to feel a “high” with antidepressants and take much more than they need. Like most drugs, taking large doses of antidepressants can be dangerous and increase the likelihood of overdosing and seizures. Combining alcohol and antidepressants can also have negative health effects on the body.
Anti-anxiety medications and sedatives are usually used to treat the symptoms of anxiety disorder and is often prescribed with other therapies. Most of the time these drugs will be used occasionally or short-term. This decreases chances of developing an addiction. The potential risks of these drugs occur when they are taken without the supervision of a psychiatrist or doctor. When they are abused, anti-anxiety medications can create a euphoric “high” or “buzz” followed by a prolonged sedation. If taken improperly, there is an increased likelihood of overdosing resulting in seizures or comas.
Prescription stimulants are used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. They speed up the messages traveling between the brain and body- increasing alertness, attention, and energy. While they can help some individuals under a doctor’s prescription, they have the potential of being abused outside of appropriate monitoring to produce a higher “high”. Chronic stimulant abusers will compensate for diminishing highs by taking more and more stimulants. Side effects can result in addiction, heart problems, stokes, convulsions, or fatality.
Frequently Asked Questions
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